The evolution of contamination control

The evolution of contamination control

In celebration of CleanRooms magazine`s 10-year anniversary, we`ve compiled a history of events in contamination control.

Readers and industry experts contributed data for a timeline, and we`ve chosen events that helped shaped the industry. As our timeline traces the history of cleanrooms, our editors examine five specific technologies to further explore the last 10 years in the evolution of contamination control technology.

We discuss important trends, technologies and events in the air handling, architecture/construction, consumable, garments and services segments of the contamination control field. Within the scope of these five divisions of contamination control we look at filtration, cleanroom construction, training, garments and supplies, and we also explore the next decade in our industry.

Meanwhile, our timeline begins on a historic date: 1957. As the former Soviet Union launched Sputnik, so began the space race. These events led to Sandia National Laboratories developing the first modern cleanroom. And, the rest is history.


Sputnik launched. The space race begins.


A team of scientists, led by Willis Whitfield (pictured above), at Sandia Laboratories (Albuquerque, NM), develop the laminar flow concept.


The Air Force publishes the first technical order for building and operating a cleanroom.

The American Association for Contamination Control (AACC) is formed.


Sandia presents its cleanroom concept to the Institute of Environmental Sciences in Chicago.

NASA calls for establishing cleanrooms for the space program.

Contamination Control magazine is the first publication dedicated to contamination control.


The first Federal Standard 209!

Liberty`s John J. Nappi Sr. is granted a patent for the Tacky Mat shoe sole cleaner (right).


NASA begins researching laminar flow systems for biological control in the unmanned Planetary Quarantine Program.


Federal Standard 209A.

The first laminar flow hospital operating room installed at Bhataan Memorial Hospital in Albuquerque.


Apollo 11 astronauts are sequestered in a HEPA-filtered Airstream trailer after returning from the moon.


The AACC merges with the Institute of Environmental Sciences.


Federal Standard 209B.


CleanRooms magazine launched.

Federal Standard 209C.

FDA establishes

Aseptic Guidelines.


Federal Standard 209D.


First CleanRooms conference and exposition.


Federal Standard 209E.


Draft revision of USP <1116> Microbiological Evaluation of Cleanrooms and other Controlled Environments, a significant document for microbial control issues in cleanrooms used for aseptic operation.


CleanRooms magazine celebrates 10th year.

CleanRooms International launched.

CleanRooms Asia conference and exposition launched.


CleanRooms Europe conference and exhibition debuts in Frankfurt.


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