March 8, 2005 – Lucent Technologies’ Bell Labs today announced the launch of a new research project that aims to use nanotextured surfaces to solve the extreme thermal management challenges of advanced electronic and photonic systems.
The team will be spearheaded by researchers from Bell Labs’ new research laboratory in Blanchardstown, Dublin, who, in collaboration with three Irish universities and Bell Labs researchers in Murray Hill, NJ, will use “nanograss,” a Bell Labs-engineered surface that contains billions of tiny silicon posts, to study the effectiveness of transferring heat from silicon surfaces to liquid coolants.
The results from these experiments could lead to important breakthroughs in cost-effective communications devices and networks. Higher processing speeds from liquid-cooled devices will support more densely packed circuits in communication devices, which could allow communication service providers to operate lower-cost broadband services.
“Key to the success of these collaborations is Bell Labs’ global presence and the free exchange of ideas between facilities and borders,” said Lou Manzione, executive director, Bell Labs Centre, Ireland. “Multidisciplinary research and development is one of Bell Labs’ greatest strengths and we are pleased to be working with several of Ireland’s most respected universities on this exciting project.”
Nanograss, discovered by Bell Labs researchers last year, provides a method to control the behavior of tiny drops of liquid using silicon surfaces that resemble a lawn of evenly cut grass with “blades” that are each only a few nanometers in size, 30 times thinner than a red blood cell. Each post is covered with a nonstick, water-repellant surface material, which allows fluids to move across the top of the posts without wetting the surface below. However, if a small amount of electrical current is applied, the droplets will sink down and wet the surface.
Researchers at the University of Limerick will use nanograss to study the basic physics of fluid flow and heat transfer in systems across super-hydrophobic surfaces on the nano scale. Nanograss also increases effective area of a flat silicon surface by a factor of ten, thereby increasing the opportunities to transfer heat from the silicon a liquid. Researchers at Trinity College in Dublin and researchers at the Bell Labs Centre in Ireland will conduct a fundamental study of this phenomenon.
Researchers at the Tyndall Institute of University College Cork will perform advanced modeling and optimization of microchannels, as well as research low-cost fabrication processes to ensure that the result is cost-effective for use in low cost or even consumer-grade products.